Anglická filologie státní zkouška - verbs: the category of voice (morfologie a syntax)

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Anglická filologie státní zkouška – verbs: the category of voice (morfologie a syntax)

Verbs – the category of voice (active, medio-passive, passive, formal and functional characteristic of passives, restrictions in passivisation)

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Anglická filologie státní zkouška – verbs: the category of voice (morfologie a syntax)

voice
1. active
2. passive

  • both active + passive voice can be progressive or simple
  • patient is obligatory X agent is facultative

 

formation
1. monotransitive verb
2. ditransitive verb – 2 possibilities in active voice: SVOO or SVO to O
3. prepositional object – e.g. deal with
4. adverbial particle – e.g. give up

function
1) deagentization = agent is omitted-> subject is

  • a) general – e.g. it is believed
  • b) author – e.g. as has been stated
  • c) hidden
  • d) none – e.g. the city is situated

2) rhematisation – focusing on agent by the means of an adjunct, but inanimate subjects do not need „by“ adjunct – e.g. sculpture interests her -> se is interested in sculpture

restrictions – objects can’t be reflexive/possessive/reciprocal pronouns, infinitives, gerunds, clauses

medio-passive
– the verb is active but patient is subject
1) general characteristic – e.g. the clothes wash easily
2) modal possibility – e.g. the lid shuts well (= the lid can be shut well)
3) individual characteristic – e.g. he counts among the best

see FSP in question no. 16

Přečtěte si také  Státnice z anglická filologie - morfologie a syntax (basic units of linguistic analysis in morphology and syntax)

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